New Pets Cards N°07 Presentation of the Rabbit

Rabbit is an animal that has been domesticated for over 1000 years and weighs between 800g and 1.8kg. Its life expectancy is 5 to 10 years.
The rabbit must eat hay of very good quality, vegetables and greenery (carrot, lettuce, fennel, dandelion ...). Rabbit pellets may be given in small quantities (30 grams per day).

Fruits can also be left available from time to time (apples, pears ...), except in case of diarrhea. It is normal to see the rabbit eating its own droppings and it must be allowed to do.This behavior is necessary for the proper digestion of food.

The rabbit can live alone or in a group, with other rabbits or guinea pigs, in cages or monitored freedom in the house. The litter of the cage is composed of hay or litter of good quality. It is also possible to provide pieces of wood or branches for teeth wear.

It sometimes happens that males urinate everywhere and become aggressive with each other or with their owner. Castration is strongly advised and allows to limit these behavioral disorders.

Rabbits can reproduce from 4 to 8 months, throughout the year. After about 31 days of gestation, the female gives birth to a litter of 2 to 5 young.

Dental problems are very common in the rabbit (anorexia, abscess, jaw infection ...). It is recommended to perform a regular dental check and to consult a veterinarian very quickly if the rabbit stops feeding.

Similarly, digestive disorders are always an emergency and should be promptly treated by a veterinarian (diarrhea, occlusion, intestinal paralysis ...).

From the age of 4 weeks, 2 or 3 times a year, it is possible to protect the rabbit against myxomatosis and hemorrhagic disease with a vaccine. These two diseases are often fatal and there is no treatment.