Dogs Health Cards N°01. My dog - His adoption and his arrival at home



Congratulations! You just adopted a puppy!
You have prepared the arrival of your pet with feverishness. You have made your home "proof" of your puppy and had a lot of fun choosing his cage, basket, blanket, toys and other accessories. No doubt this little wriggling creature will bring you much joy. In turn, you can contribute greatly to its longevity, happiness and quality of life by providing it with healthy food, affection, a safe and hygienic environment and having your veterinarian examine it regularly.

Tips To Easily Adjust Your Puppy To His New Home
Tell your puppy about the special places where he has the right to eat, sleep and care and, as he will probably be disoriented, let him rest so that he can familiarize himself with the noises and scenery of his New home. If you have young children, you must make them understand that a puppy is not a toy, but a living being that must be treated with gentleness and respect. From the age of eight weeks, a puppy is able to learn certain things. It is therefore advisable to begin to educate him in cleanliness and to teach him simple commands upon his arrival at home. Your veterinarian can suggest the best training methods. Your puppy will find it fun and easy to learn and, with positive reinforcement on your part, he should remember the lessons that have been taught him!

Placing the basket

A puppy needs landmarks in space; An isolation area, a play area, an elimination area and a feeding area. Its isolation area will consist of a basket. This basket should be placed in places that can evolve over time. For example, a place close to his master will be chosen when the puppy is between two and three months old so that he can reassure himself quickly by contact, sight or the "smell" of it. It is not because the puppy sleeps next to his masters at 2 months that it will take bad habits. On the other hand towards 6 months for the females and 4,5 months for the males one will choose a different place of sleep in order to prepare what is called detachment. Indeed starting from these ages there, one will choose a place of sleeping to him that does not represent a strategic place that is to say from where it will not be able to supervise its owners.

During his upbringing, he must often be sent back to his basket, saying, for example, "your place". Once in his basket the reprimands will have to stop. In no case should we continue to punish a dog who has taken refuge in his basket or who takes a submissive posture.


Toys are necessary to develop exploratory behavior. It is important to offer the puppy a wide variety of toys (shapes, sizes, colors, different sounds) in order to develop the puppy's sensory system. As Boris Cyrulnick says "A brain is built according to the stimulations it receives." If a puppy steals a shoe it must be possible to propose to him a toy instead. Attention a puppy who has nothing to explore risks playing with his droppings and ingesting them afterwards.


Meals should all be distributed after the master's meals. This is the basis of the food hierarchy, in nature the "chiefs eat first". The puppy is a future adult dog, he must learn the basics of the hierarchy around which the pack family articulates. Access to food is a prerogative of dominance that the puppy must learn to respeter upon arriving at home. So he will learn to respect his masters when they eat and other adult dogs with which he will not risk being bitten at mealtimes. To have a pack leader for a puppy is to have a reassuring being near which you can come and get stuck during a stress.

Disposal Area

The puppy has a natural tendency to cleanliness that will need to be strengthened. The puppy will naturally come out of its rest area to go to its elimination area provided that it is not too far away. At two months the puppy urinates after sleeping, after the meal and after the game. Just watch him and carry him in arms after each sequence. A puppy is able to retain its sphincters from 4 months. At that time, it is necessary to accentuate the learning and especially reward the "pipis" done outside. It is ridiculous to put the puppy's nose in the "pee" when it is done in the house, a "no" is enough if you catch him in the urine and especially if you arrive too late do not say anything and even Do not clean in front of him.

Leash and collar

It is necessary to obtain a leash and a collar or harness as soon as the puppy arrives. Learning the leash must be done at an early age. The first few days will place the collar on the puppy without putting the leash on it. When he is put on his leash, he will be allowed to walk while holding the leash without exertion, short exercises will be followed every day. Outings in town must be done the days following the arrival of the puppy.

The main principles of education

A reward is worth ten punishments. The puppy will progress ten times faster thanks to the rewards. The only acceptable punishment for a dog is the punishment for disrespect of the canine hierarchy, ie if he steals food from under your eyes or if he does not come down from the couch and grumbles because That the "place of the chief" is granted to him.

The pack family

The dog considers its owners as congeners forming part of its canine pack. For him you are a dog! It will therefore be necessary to reason in dogs.

The hierarchy

The socialization of a dog goes through the hierarchical organization. In the dog there is a dominant, it is the leader of pack, and of the dominated. The dominant is the one who reassures and manages all conflicts! The owners must be dominant therefore chef.

They must decide for the dog and feed first.
The dog must accept that its owners manage the contacts.


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