Cats Health Cards N°06. My Cat - Care of the Ears



A healthy ear is clean and pale pink; It emits no odor and contains very little cerumen. Examine your pet's ears regularly.

Signs of an ear disease

  • Unpleasant odor
  • The animal often scratches the ear and passes its paw on its ear and head.
  • Sensitivity to touch often accompanied by pain
  • The animal leans or shakes his head constantly on one side.
  • Black or yellowish flow
  • Redness or swelling of ear flap or ear canal
  • Behavioral change: apathy, depression or irritability
  • Dark brown cerumen accumulation
  • Loss of balance or auditory acuity accompanied by disorientation
  • Presence of blood or debris resembling ground coffee

Causes of ear infections

Otitis externa is an infection of the external auditory canal; Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear. These two types of infection are usually caused by bacteria or yeasts. Other causes include the accumulation of earwax, the presence of clumps of hair, debris or foreign body in the ear canal. You should consult a veterinarian without delay because your cat can suffer if he is actually suffering from an ear infection. Antibiotics are used to fight bacterial infections, while antifungals are administered in cases of yeast infections. Ear infections can also signal the presence of other health problems, such as an allergy, hormonal disorders or hereditary disease. Your veterinarian will be able to determine what causes the cat's otitis and will suggest you the best course to take.

Otodectes are common parasites that are highly contagious and are often transmitted from one animal to another. Excessive itching is the most common sign. The otodectes produce black and granular debris which looks like ground coffee.

Deafness is usually the result of older animals. It may, however, occur as a result of trauma, exposure to intense noises or infection, just as it may be hereditary or congenital. Unfortunately, once you have diagnosed clinical deafness in your cat, it is too late to act.

Cleaning the ears at appropriate intervals with a solution designed for this purpose can be helpful in keeping your pet's ears healthy.

How to administer ear drops or ointment to your cat

  • Read the instructions on your veterinarian's prescription carefully for dosage.
  • Fold the flap of your cat's ear on his head, squeeze the tube or bottle to extract the desired amount of medication and instill the medication in the lower part of the ear canal.
  • Gently massage the ear so that the drug penetrates deeper into the ear canal.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: For the drug to be fully effective, it should be administered for the full duration of the medication. When you give a medication, remain calm, because your pet can feel your nervousness, which will make your task more difficult. You must always congratulate and reward it.